What is Melasma?
Melasma is a common and frustrating skin condition that affects over five million people in the United States alone. It causes hyperpigmentation, which can present itself as symmetrical, blotchy brown to gray-brown patches on the face and neck. It is also known as chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. Found more commonly in women with darker skins tones, it is especially prevalent in those of Hispanic, Southeast Asian, African, Indian, Mediterranean, and Middle Eastern backgrounds. Additionally, people living in areas of intense ultraviolet light are at higher risk for melasma. Although this condition is not harmful, it is often a challenge to treat and can have a negative effect on one’s quality of life. Because of these detrimental social and psychological effects, it is important to seek proper treatment. Visit Spyglass Dermatology in Stuart, FL, to learn more from Dr. Ryan Alan Schuering or a member of his staff.
"This office is extremely efficient, staff is knowledgeable, professional, and courteous."- M.R. / Office Visit / Nov 25, 2021
"Dr. Schuering and his receptionist, Lisa are the BEST!!!! I stumbled upon his office online after trying very hard to find the BEST doctor for my husband's issue and they definitely deserve MORE than 5 stars!!!! Not only did the doctor clear up his issue in just one visit but his receptionist Lisa made the visits all the more comforting!!! So thankful for them!!!"- D.S. / Google / Nov 05, 2021
"I wanted to say huge thank you to Dr. Schuering! I have been visiting him for several treatments and I am already seeing amazing results! Super nice office and staff!"- A.M. / Office Visit / Oct 27, 2021
"It is no wonder why the Spyglass team has collected so many 5 star reviews. The office is very well kept, the staff is friendly and attentive, and Dr. Schuering is an excellent practitioner of medicine. Before my procedure began, he explained to me every detail, and provided me with a printout of more research on the matter. During the procedure he was very professional and friendly, and put on some music for me and the staff to enjoy. Afterwards he watched my reaction closely, and personally followed up with me the next day to check in on me. I highly recommend the Spyglass Derm Team and Dr. Schuering. They are a wonderful, patient-first practice."- R.U. / Google / Oct 20, 2021
"Fantastic experience. I developed itchy bumpy skin that was spreading. Got lucky and Dr. Schuering had an opening same day. What a nice new office. Staff was excellent and efficient. Dr. Spent the time and then some, to listen an examine the issue. Gave a treatment plan that was easy to understand. Dr. Schuering is now our Derm Doc."- R.B. / Google / Oct 19, 2021
What causes melasma?
Melasma is caused by increased activity of the pigment-producing cells of the skin (melanocytes), resulting in more pigment deposition. The exact cause of melasma is unclear. However, a common inciting factor is exposure to sunlight, which is thought to activate the melanocytes to produce more pigment. Hormones are also thought to play a role, but the exact link between hormones and melasma has not been clarified. Nevertheless, circumstances that affect hormones, like pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapy, can contribute to the development of melasma. Genetic factors also seem to play a role, with some studies showing a higher incidence among family members. Less common risk factors include thyroid disorders, phototoxic medications, and cosmetics.
How Can Melasma be Treated?
Treatment of melasma often requires the use of multiple types of therapies, with results occurring over the span of several months. Reducing exposure to sunlight and applying sunscreen daily is often a critical step. When outside, avoiding direct sunlight by wearing a wide-brim hat or other protective clothing is more effective than sunscreen alone. Patients should use a high-factor broad-spectrum sunscreen that has good protection against UVA light. Furthermore, sunscreens with protection against visible light may provide additional benefits. These will help to reduce the production of more uneven pigment.
Topical retinoids and glycolic acid peels can be used to increase the elimination of pigment already present. Additionally, topical depigmenting agents like azelaic acid or hydroquinone are useful, often in combination with a retinoid and a topical steroid. Other topical options include kojic acid and niacinamide. Laser therapies work by targeting the pigment in the skin, though the results are mixed. Tranexamic acid can be used topically or orally to prevent activation of the factors that stimulate pigment-producing melanocytes. For women who experience the onset of melasma after starting an oral contraceptive, the medication should be stopped if possible. Pregnancy-induced melasma may improve postpartum without the need for treatment. Effective treatment of melasma often requires a combination of many of these therapies. Each patient is unique and should visit a board-certified dermatologist to determine which therapies are right for them.
Solve Your Skin Problems
Don't let melasma cause you to feel insecure about your body. At Spyglass Dermatology, our team is dedicated to ensuring each of our patients receives the best possible skincare when it comes to melasma or any other condition. Contact our office in Stuart, FL, today to schedule your consultation with Dr. Schuering and determine the best form of treatment for your melasma.