What is Melasma?
Melasma is a common and frustrating skin condition that affects over five million people in the United States alone. It causes hyperpigmentation, which can present itself as symmetrical, blotchy brown to gray-brown patches on the face and neck. It is also known as chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. Found more commonly in women with darker skins tones, it is especially prevalent in those of Hispanic, Southeast Asian, African, Indian, Mediterranean, and Middle Eastern backgrounds. Additionally, people living in areas of intense ultraviolet light are at higher risk for melasma. Although this condition is not harmful, it is often a challenge to treat and can have a negative effect on one’s quality of life. Because of these detrimental social and psychological effects, it is important to seek proper treatment. Visit Spyglass Dermatology in Stuart, FL, to learn more from Dr. Ryan Alan Schuering or a member of his staff.
"My husband and I both love Spyglass Dermatology! Dr. Schuering and his entire staff are also caring, friendly and professional! Dr. Schuering listens and takes his time to explain everything. I took advantage of the lip flip special and am so very happy I did, as my results are fabulous! My husband sees him regularly for his skin cancer and is very pleased with the results of his treatments. Thank you all!!"- W.M. / Google / Feb 23, 2023
"Dr. Schuering and his staff are excellent. Very knowledgeable and kind. It’s a personal experience from start to finish."- A.N. / Google / Feb 17, 2023
"Very happy this group has joined Tequesta! The Doctor and staff is wonderful!"- A.P. / Google / Oct 17, 2022
"Dr Ryan Schuerling and his staff are truly incredible! Each staff member makes you feel completely comfortable. Dr Schuerlung with his gentle personality and kindness, explains everything before he begins in terms you can understand. He is a doctor you actually want to go back to. I highly recommend Spyglass Dermatology."- N.B. / Google / Aug 13, 2022
"This office is extremely efficient, staff is knowledgeable, professional, and courteous."- M.R. / Office Visit / Nov 25, 2021
What causes melasma?
Melasma is caused by increased activity of the pigment-producing cells of the skin (melanocytes), resulting in more pigment deposition. The exact cause of melasma is unclear. However, a common inciting factor is exposure to sunlight, which is thought to activate the melanocytes to produce more pigment. Hormones are also thought to play a role, but the exact link between hormones and melasma has not been clarified. Nevertheless, circumstances that affect hormones, like pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapy, can contribute to the development of melasma. Genetic factors also seem to play a role, with some studies showing a higher incidence among family members. Less common risk factors include thyroid disorders, phototoxic medications, and cosmetics.
How Can Melasma be Treated?
Treatment of melasma often requires the use of multiple types of therapies, with results occurring over the span of several months. Reducing exposure to sunlight and applying sunscreen daily is often a critical step. When outside, avoiding direct sunlight by wearing a wide-brim hat or other protective clothing is more effective than sunscreen alone. Patients should use a high-factor broad-spectrum sunscreen that has good protection against UVA light. Furthermore, sunscreens with protection against visible light may provide additional benefits. These will help to reduce the production of more uneven pigment.
Topical retinoids and glycolic acid peels can be used to increase the elimination of pigment already present. Additionally, topical depigmenting agents like azelaic acid or hydroquinone are useful, often in combination with a retinoid and a topical steroid. Other topical options include kojic acid and niacinamide. Laser therapies work by targeting the pigment in the skin, though the results are mixed. Tranexamic acid can be used topically or orally to prevent activation of the factors that stimulate pigment-producing melanocytes. For women who experience the onset of melasma after starting an oral contraceptive, the medication should be stopped if possible. Pregnancy-induced melasma may improve postpartum without the need for treatment. Effective treatment of melasma often requires a combination of many of these therapies. Each patient is unique and should visit a board-certified dermatologist to determine which therapies are right for them.
Solve Your Skin Problems
Don't let melasma cause you to feel insecure about your body. At Spyglass Dermatology, our team is dedicated to ensuring each of our patients receives the best possible skincare when it comes to melasma or any other condition. Contact our office in Stuart, FL, today to schedule your consultation with Dr. Schuering and determine the best form of treatment for your melasma.